Hickory is composed of at least 16 species native and widely ranging in Asia and Central & North America. It is known locally by many names and descriptions using the words; Hickory, Pignut, Shagbark, Bigbud, Bullnut, Hognut and Mockernut, to name a few.
The sapwood of hickory is white and tinged with brown, and usually quite wide, except in old, slow-growing trees, while the heartwood is pale to reddish brown.
The wood is exceptionally tough, heavy and hard, and well-known for its strength and shock resistance. It is difficult to dry or season, as it shrinks considerably.